Making Damascus Barrels the movie
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A long rod consisting of sheets of iron and steel arranged to
form a pattern when welded and twisted around a mandrel.
A porous, impure mass of iron produced in a semi-solid
condition as the direct result of smelting iron ore at temperatures
below the melting point of the iron. Also known as a Loup.
The absorption of carbon by iron heated in charcoal fire or other
carbon rich atmosphere.
Cast iron is made by remelting pig iron, often along with
substantial quantities of scrap iron and scrap steel, and taking
various steps to remove undesirable contaminants
Processed coal that is used as fuel to heat iron ore during refining
1.) Iron made from WOOTZ

2.) The process of folding iron to create a pattern

3.) Forge welding a combination of iron and steel to increase the
strength of the final product
Surface decoration of iron or steel to create artistic patterns
Also called Sham Damascus.  Any process that attempts to make
a product appear as though it is Damascus.  This was viewed as
a way to increase the value of cheap barrels and was eventually
A basic element that must be refined from ore.
A long rod of steel of the correct diameter around which a SKELP
or billet is wrapped to form a barrel.
Pig iron is the immediate product of smelting iron ore and
limestone in a furnace.
A long, relatively thin and narrow strip of iron that is heated
along with steel scraps such as horse shoe nails and chopped
springs, intended to be wrapped around a mandrel and welded
into tube or gun barrel.
Extracting metal from its ore by heating.
Refined Iron that has carbon and other elements added to form
an alloy.
Usually refers to the products made from WOOTZ, but is also
applied to Damascus.
1.) A high carbon steel made in a crucible where the material is
melted and has pronounced dentritic formation in ingot form
(when cooled) and exhibits a macro pattern of cementite cluster
sheets (carbides) when forged into a finished product.

2.) The material is a combination of iron, carbon and glass
placed in a clay crucible and fired till it goes molten (thought
there are a few other manufacturing methods in history). The
iron will gather carbon from the charcoal and become steel and
the glass will melt and act as a flux which will chemically bond
with the impurities in the iron and remove them.
The molten steel is allowed to cool and the resulting solidified
ingot is then removed from the crucible ( the crucible is broken).
It usually has between 1 and 2% carbon.
Shaped by any one of numerous rolling, pressing or hammering
techniques, often, but not always, while at elevated
temperatures. Originally produced directly from ore. Later
remelted and purified PIG IRON in a blast furnace.